On April 21, 2017, the Ninth Circuit held that a district court in the Northern District of California “correctly concluded that California law does not provide for a private cause of action” for “lack of substantiation” claims under California’s Unfair Competition Law (UCL) (Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17200, et seq.) and Consumers Legal Remedies Act (CLRA) (Cal. Civ. Code § 1750, et seq.).
In Kwan v. SanMedica Int’l, No. 15-15496, D.C. No. 3:14-cv-3287, Plaintiff alleged that SanMedica International falsely represented that its Human Growth Hormone (HGH) supplement provided a 682 percent mean increase in HGH levels. The district court granted SanMedica’s motion to dismiss, reasoning that it was based entirely on allegations that SanMedica’s representations lacked substantiation, for which there is no private cause of action. The district court instructed Plaintiff that if she chose to amend her complaint, she had to allege facts “affirmatively disproving” SanMedica’s representations. In particular, the district court advised Plaintiff that she was required to allege that the supplement had been tested and the representations had been found to be false, that it would be “categorically impossible” to achieve a 682 percent HGH increase by taking SanMedica’s product, or that Plaintiff herself did not experience such an increase when using the product. Because Plaintiff failed to do so in her second amended complaint, the district court dismissed Plaintiff’s case with prejudice.
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