TPP Sanitary Measures Open Up Agricultural Exports
Businesses that trade in agricultural products will find plenty of reasons to support the sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) provisions of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement. Chapter 7 of the TPP Agreement expands on World Trade Organization SPS rules. It contains new disciplines that limit importing parties’ ability to use protectionist measures to restrict agricultural trade. The TPP goes beyond WTO rules by including more elaborate transparency and regionalization provisions as well as new SPS disciplines on trade-restricting import checks, certification and audits. A key feature of the TPP SPS chapter is to enable exporters to participate in various risk-related import processes. This will make it more difficult for importing parties to arbitrarily restrict imports. The SPS chapter also specifically provides for trade through biosecure compartments, even where the territory or parts of the territory of the exporting party suffers from an animal or plant disease.