On December 23, 2021, U.S. President Joe Biden signed into law the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (the Act). The Act is intended to strengthen the existing prohibition against the importation of goods made with forced labor. The Act requires U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to apply a presumption that goods “mined, produced, or manufactured wholly or in part” in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), or produced by certain to-be-identified entities, are made with forced labor and, therefore, are prohibited from importation into the United States.1 CBP is to apply the presumption unless the importer can demonstrate that it has (1) “fully complied” with government guidance and regulations, (2) “completely and substantively responded to all inquiries” from CBP, and (3) established “by clear and convincing evidence” that the goods were not made using forced labor. If CBP determines that an importer has met these conditions (a determination characterized as an “exception”), then CBP must submit a report to Congress, and make it available to the public, within 30 days after making the determination. The Act will take effect on June 21, 2022.